General George R. Crook in the West

Brigadier General George R. Crook (September 8, 1830-March 21, 1890) is popularly recognized as the quintessential 'Indian Fighter' of the late nineteenth century. He frequented the entire 'Intermountain Region', especially the top of the Colorado Plateau during the conflict with the Apache, and in Wyoming and Montana during the war against the Sioux and Northern Cheyenne. Upon close inspection, General Crook's philosophy was much more complicated and sympathetic toward the plight of his Indian adversaries. As a regimental commander, Colonel Crook led the 36th Ohio Infantry to the battle known as Second Bull Run. After his promotion to Brigade Commander, Crook commanded his men in the epic battles of Antietam and Chicamauga. Following the Civil War, in 1871 General Crook was assigned to the unenviable task of forcing the multiple Apache tribes in the Arizona territory onto reservations. After the completion of this assignment, his 5th Cavalry was ordered North to support the 2nd and 7th Cavalry Regiments in pursuing the Sioux and Northern Cheyenne.

General Crook's assignments stationed him at multiple Fort's within the Intermountain region. This tour includes, Fort Verde, Fort Apache, and Fort Fetterman. Featured along with these military installations are tours of one of his frequented routes, on Forest Service Road 300, and the site of a controversial engagement at Rosebud Creek, Montana.

Forest Service Road 300 and General Crook

Located at the crest of the Mogollon Rim, the trail that became Forest Service Road 300 (FS 300) served as the primary path for engagements against the Tonto Apache. FS 300 traverses the 2,000 feet above the Verde Valley on the Colorado Plateau.…

Fort Fetterman State Historic Site and General Crook

In 1876, Fort Fetterman, near present-day Douglas, Wyoming, served as the embarkation site for General George Crook's three Yellowstone Expeditions into the Powder River region. General Philip H. Sheridan ordered Crook to facilitate the…

Fort Verde State Park and General Crook

General George R. Crook used Fort Verde in northern Arizona Territory as his primary base of operations for the unenviable task of relocating Apache tribes in the Arizona territory onto reservations. Located at the confluence of the East Fork of…

Fort Apache Historic District and General Crook

Fort Apache was the main terminus for General George Crook's recruiting efforts with the White Mountain Apache and in the forced relocation of most indigenous people in the area in 1874. In 1871, Camp Apache was a semi permanent bivouac with…

Rosebud Battlefield State Park and General Crook

In January, 1876, the Sioux failed to report to the reservation at Standing Rock, Dakota Territory, after being driven off their homeland by the United States' attempt to accommodate the Black Hills gold rush. General George Crook's forces…