Simpson Springs provided the only freshwater to a barren part of the Pony Express. Riders and horses quenched their thirst there before continuing their long journey.

In 1851, George Chorpenning and Absolom Woodward were awarded the first overland mail contract between Sacramento and Salt Lake City. Absolom was killed by Indians later that year, and George began running the mail by himself. Simpson Springs was a promising site along the route because it was the only good source of water for miles in the barren desert. In 1859, George set up a ring of stones as a foundation for his Sibley tent.

By 1860, a stone house was built, and the firm of Russell, Majors, and Waddell bought the site for the Pony Express. They eventually bought the entire Chorpenning mail and stage line. George Dewees managed the Simpson Springs Station, which was located between Government Creek Station to the northeast and River Bed Station to the southwest. Simpson Springs Station, like many of the stations along the Pony Express, went by many names. Richard F. Burton wrote that Simpson Springs was, “the station which Mormons call Egan’s Springs, anti-Mormons Simpson Springs, and Gentiles Lost Springs.”

The name Simpson Springs came from the Camp Floyd topographical engineer J. H. Simpson. In 1859, Simpson was commissioned to lay out an acceptable route from Salt Lake City to Carson Valley. On that expedition, he passed through what would be named Simpson Springs. After the Pony Express ended, the station was decreasingly used by mail and shipping companies until it was abandoned in 1869.

Richard Burton passed through the area in 1860 and described the landscape in this way. “All was desert: the bottom could no longer be called basin or valley: it was a thin fine silt, thirsty dust in the dry season, and putty-like mud in the springs and autumnal rains.” In 1965, a monument was placed to mark the station site, and, in 1975, the Bureau of Land Management and Future Farmers of America finished reconstructing the station.


Pony Express Station
Pony Express Station In 1975, the Bureau of Land Management and Future Farmers of America finished reconstructing the station. Source: Merril, Dave, from Flickr. “Pony Express Station, “ available at
Simpson Springs Pony Express Marker
Simpson Springs Pony Express Marker This marker was erected in 1965, ten years before the station was reconstructed. Source: Zillmann, Peter, from Flickr Creative Commons. “Simpson Springs Pony Express Marker,” available at
U15 Simpson Springs Bryan Petrtyl (2)<br />
U15 Simpson Springs Bryan Petrtyl (2)
Simpson Springs station was the only source of clean water for many miles on this portion of the Pony Express. Source: National Trails Intermountain, from Flickr. “U15 Simpson Springs Bryan Petrtyl (2),” available at



Samuel Hauber, Brigham Young University, “Simpson Springs Pony Express Station,” Intermountain Histories, accessed May 18, 2024,